DAVID GRAMLING translates from German and Turkish. He has translated Zafer Şenocak, Sabaha in Ali, Murathan Mungan, Bejan Matur, Ersan Üldes, Peter Waterhouse, and Menekşe Toprak, selections of which have been published in The American Reader, Words Without Borders, TRANSIT, the PEN Translation Slam, and the Nazim Hikmet Poetry Festival book.